Minimum passing distance rules

Motorists must stay wide of bicycle and personal mobility device riders by giving a minimum of:

Did you know?

Drivers can cross centre lines, even continuous lines on a multilane road, double unbroken lines on a two way road, straddle lane-lines and drive on painted islands to pass bicycle riders, as long as it is safe to do so.

Tips for passing safely

Gauge the gap

Measure the passing distance from the rightmost part of the bicycle or personal mobility device, including any trailer towed by the bicycle or personal mobility device, or the rider or any passenger in or on the trailer to the leftmost part of the motor vehicle, or something sticking out from the vehicle, for example, a side mirror.

Wait until it’s safe

If it isn’t safe to pass a bicycle or personal mobility device rider, wait until it is safe. This should not hold you up for long and it could save the bicycle or personal mobility device rider’s life.

Indicate before and after

Indicate ‘right’ for enough time to warn other road users that you are about to veer right to pass a rider. Then indicate ‘left’ when you have passed the rider and are returning to your original position.
You must indicate if you need to change your position on the road, even if you do not need to cross the centre or lane lines.

More tips on sharing the road with riders

Be on the lookout
  • Bicycle and personal mobility device riders are more difficult to see than cars or trucks, especially at night, dawn or dusk.
  • Take care to check for riders in blind spots before changing lanes or turning, especially when turning at intersections and at roundabouts.
  • Check in your rear-view and side mirrors to avoid opening your car door into the path of a bicycle or personal mobility device rider.
Give way

Give way to riders when you are:

  • turning at intersections
  • turning into and out of driveways and other road entries,
  • and when they are crossing marked pedestrian crossings.
Turning left

Don’t left hook in front of a rider. If you want to turn left and a bicycle or personal mobility device rider is ahead of you going in the same direction, turn behind the bicycle or personal mobility device rider.

Nighttime and wet weather

Always drive to the conditions and take extra care especially at night and in wet weather.
At nighttime, be considerate and dip your headlights when approaching a bicycle or personal mobility device rider.